Wednesday, July 9, 2014

50 Summers Ago: Amazing Spider-Man Annual 1

In June of 1964 the first Amazing Spider-Man Annual arrived on newsstands. For fans of the character it was a real treat, featuring an extra-long 41 page story by Lee and Ditko, followed by 31 pages of special features.


    
  The Circus comes to town!  Amazing Spider-Man Annual # 1, June, 1964. Steve Ditko cover art, Artie Simek letters, Stan Goldberg colors. The same team, with the exception of Sam Rosen providing the interior lettering, is responsible for the interior story, with Stan Lee co-plotting and writing the dialogue.

With it's multi-colored logo and simple but effective design the first Spider-Man Annual offered a world of excitement. Priced at 25 cents the comic was a bargain, featuring a total of 72 pages of interior story/art and only three pages of advertising (inside front cover, inside back cover and back cover). I noticed this while checking info for the upcoming Taschen book (check out the link below. The Yancy Street Gang: "Meticulous" Michael J. Vassallo, "Bashful" Barry Pearl and yours truly, have been involved in fact-checking, consulting, researching and writing captions for the Timely/Atlas/Marvel Age, up to the 1970's. End of promotion!)   

http://www.taschen.com/pages/en/catalogue/popculture/all/01133/facts.75_years_of_marvel_from_the_golden_age_to_the_silver_screen.htm

The ad pages grew in the following year, but it's nice to read a story with no interruptions!  

Steve Ditko did not like the idea of using guest-stars in Spider-Man or "Dr. Strange" - or any other hero books - feeling that they undercut the characters story world and the individuality of the main hero, who should be able to deal with problems on his own. Stan Lee thought otherwise, and used his titles to promote the entire superhero line. Guest-stars and villains from other strips appeared during the time that Lee and Ditko were plotting Spider-Man together, but once Ditko began plotting on his own (circa Amazing Spider-Man # 25) no other super-heroes or "borrowed" villains appeared. Ditko explained his thoughts in his essay "A Mini-History 1: The Green Goblin"* 

"Amazing Spider-Man Annual #2 (1965) featuring Dr. Strange, was,  as an Annual should be, a special event. It does not necessarily have to connect to the monthly adventures."  

While Ditko's discussion was about Spidey's second Annual, it points to the idea that he was more agreeable to add guest-stars to a special event and went along with Lee's idea to include Marvel's heroes throughout the book. What's worth exploring is how he accomplished this.
 The first guest-star Spidey "meets" is Thor in a humorous two-panel sequence as he zooms past Spidey. Lee provides the humorous dialogue: "He's either on his way to a meeting with the Avengers..or he's late for his BARBER!". Lee adds a caption to every heroes appearance, informing any newcomers what title(s) the character can be found in. 
 Ditko's other signature character, Dr. Strange, has a cameo strolling nonchalantly through the streets of Forest Hills while Peter is tussling with Flash Thompson! Dr. Strange is depicted in his "spirit form" (differentiated by a lack of color) but it had been previously established that he cannot be seen by ordinary humans in that guise; besides, the teenagers make no reference to his ghostly appearance. It's possible that Lee ignored or altered Ditko's original intent when writing the dialogue (Ditko wrote notes and rough dialogue for every panel/page on separate sheets of paper as a rough guide for Lee) . Perhaps Ditko had Dr. Strange casting a spell to protect himself from the kids hooliganism (see his gesture in the first panel) which allowed the boys to harmlessly pass through him. If you look at the scene and picture Doc colored normally it makes a little more sense. 


 As the Fantastic Four fly around town they think Spidey is goofing around. Unknown to the FF, though, Spider-Man is suffering from the fear that he is losing his powers. After witnessing his Aunt, May Parker, grieving over a photograph of her deceased husband Peter's feelings of guilt over not saving him from a criminal's bullet resurfaces.   



Lost in thought and worried about how his life will change as a normal teenager, Peter is oblivious to Giant-Man and the Wasp stopping a crime.


The Vulture delivers a message to Daily Bugle publisher J. Jonah Jameson, informing him that his secretary Betty Brant and Peter Parker's Aunt are hostages of "The Sinister Six", a group of Spider-Man's old foes seeking revenge. The Vulture wants Jameson to contact Spider-Man, setting him up for a trap. Jameson, of course, has no clue how to get in touch with Spider-Man and calls the Fantastic Four, who in turn contact the Avengers. Captain America answers the call and tells Reed Richards: "I never even MET Spider-Man!". Those were the days!   


The Human Torch sends out a flaming message in the skies to no avail. Professor X, mentor of the teenage mutants the X-Men, has no time to worry about Spider-Man, telling his students to get back to work! If only more superheroes minded their own business today instead of getting involved in every story-line! 

Convinced that he no longer has special abilities Peter still desperately attempts to save his loved ones as Spider-Man. Arriving at the assigned destination he encounters Electro; when his extraordinary reflexes save his life Peter realizes that his loss of powers was only psychosomatic. Surely the first time a superhero had suffered from such an illness! 



   Spidey finally meets another hero in a one panel scene. Since he was fighting Electro in Tony Stark's power plant his alter-ego, Iron-Man, shows up, but only AFTER Spidey's confrontation!  Since Lee was promoting the characters perhaps he deliberately left off the official titles in his captions; by this point Journey into Mystery and Tales of Suspense's cover logos were minimized. Superheroes were clearly the main selling point so "The Power of Iron-Man" and "The Mighty Thor" were emphasized. Soon Tales to Astonish would follow suit, although Strange Tales' logo remained intact for some time. 


              JJJ contacts the FF again, worried about his own neck, of course!  




The Human Torch appeared in a number of Spider-Man's monthly adventures, but the two teenagers were often antagonistic towards each other. Spider-Man declines Johnny's offer of assistance; clearly Ditko's idea that a hero had to fight his own battles and doesn't need outside help. Ditko explained in "A Mini-History 12: Guest Stars: Heroes and Villains"** 

 "I also deliberately made S-M and the HT ineffective as a "team" in capturing the B (Beetle)...In yet another S-M/HT team up (#19) I had two policeman capture the Sandman." 

Ditko accepted Lee's use of guest-stars on occasion, but cleverly turned the idea on its head, making them a detriment to each other, not a boon.  



Spidey battles the X-Men. Or does he? They turn out to be robots created by Mysterio. Lee gets his wish to publicize the new team (whose seventh issue was on the stands when the Annual appeared) while Ditko avoids a meeting with the real heroes.
  In one of the most amusing panels Jameson desperately tries to contact Spider-Man by conversing with a spider outside his window. I bet JJ was a fan of Mr. Ed!
And the final cameo goes to the Human Torch, who checks in with a aggravated and bombastic Jameson. Ditko included a total of 27 panels featuring guest stars in a 41 page story, most of which were "walk on" appearances. Ditko cannily followed Lee's directive in his own inventive and unique way. 



"The Secrets of Spider-Man" feature included cameos of Thor, the Hulk, the Thing, Mr. Fantastic and The Human Torch, explaining Spider-Man's strength in proportion to other heroes and the capability of his webbing.


A "Guest-Star Page" includes Ditko's versions of the Hulk and the FF, drawn in "the somewhat different Ditko style". While Ditko never quite got the hang of drawing the Thing, he did a fine job on the other members of the FF, particularly the Torch. The following month Ditko would revise the Hulk, plotting and drawing the new co-feature in Tales to Astonish for eight issues.



Finally, we close with this delightful image of Stan Lee being assaulted by Marvel's heroes, including Daredevil and Sgt. Fury, the only characters who didn't make it into the main story. Fury, of course, was set in World War II, and DD may have been omitted because Lee and Ditko worked on the opening story before the character was published or, as Joseph William Marek pointed out, it may simply be that DD was guest-starring in that month's Amazing Spider-Man #16.     

While I don't totally agree with Ditko's theory that guest-stars diminish a heroes importance, his point that they interfered with the development of the lead hero and his supporting cast and ongoing sub-plots (particularly in the monthly comic book) is valid. For kids reading the comics it was exciting when heroes encountered each other. In the early 1960's it was a novelty and often used sparingly. As the years went by an "anything goes" mentality produced many poorly plotted story-lines, lacking in characterization or new ideas. Guest-stars are all too often used as an excuse to mix a sea of characters together until they become indistinguishable. Where is the originality in that? 

Back in June of 1964, though, only a handful, if any, fans debated the merits of guest-stars. The Amazing Spider-Man Annual # 1 was purchased and appreciated as a fun, entertaining and solid comic crafted by an array of talented individuals. Looking back on it today, those attributes continue to stand the test of time.   

*(The Comics, Vol 12, No. 7, July 2001)    

**(The Comics, Vol 14, No. 7, July 2003)

13 comments:

Barry Pearl said...

Another great blog Nick. I thought you were going to get some sleep? There is something else that the guest starring port brought to the stories. At D C , text all the heroes lived in their separate worlds. Except for a few places like the Justice league they never met or overlapped. I loved it that Marvel. Had one universe with the heroes falling over each other. It was such a refreshing change and difference from the other comic book realms. Also Nick, do you think that Steve Ditko attitude about wanting Spiderman to be separate kept him out of the avengers when they made that team?

Nick Caputo said...

Barry,

That's certainly a possibility. While Stan wanted to promote Spidey he may have realized that the character just didn't fit in the Avengers and Ditko may have influenced him somewhat.

vwstieber said...

Looking at these again, I ponder how nice an Avengers issue would have been with Ditko drawing it. Too bad Marvel didn't have an annual "rotate the artists" month.

Nick Caputo said...

vwstieber,

Ditko rarely drew team books, aside from some fill-in issues of Legion of Super Heroes, FF and Micronauts, I can't think of any others. The lone hero always appealed to Ditko more than a group of heroes and probably would have turned down a request to draw the Avengers, although I'm sure it would have been interesting to see.

Kid said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Kid said...

I've got the first two Spidey Annuals and they're absolute belters, Nick. I just love the Spidey/Doc Strange story in #2 - a true classic. Ditko had strange notions 'though. He didn't like Stan referring to Spider-Man as the Web-spinner or Spidey, and he objected to a blurb saying something like 'The story voted most likely to succeed - by Stan & Steve' on the grounds that he had voted no such thing.

Nick Caputo said...

Kid,

I love those two Annuals as well. Ditko takes words and their meanings literally, so the credits that had him "voting" was altered before publication to "Stan and Baron Mordo". I don't think Ditko's ever voiced an objection to the word "Spidey", but he felt Lee was being evasive when he used the word "webslinger" in conjunction with his co-creator status.

Unknown said...

Barry, Barry, Barry, really now. Aside from JLA, how about World's Finest? Later, granted, there was Brave and the Bold, and various issues of Showcase devoted to team-ups/cross-overs. The Flash was practically a team-up book, what with Green lantern, Elongated Man, Golden Age flash, and Kid flash (NOT a side-kick). Flash also returned the favor by appearing in GL's book. Atom and Hawkman appeared in each other's books. JLA in Adam Strange, Adam Strange in Hawkman. Green Arrow and Aquaman intersected a couple of times in the `50s. Lots of characters were at Aquaman's wedding.

There were a lot of cross-overs/cameos in the Superman family of books even if you don't consider Lois or Jimmy appearing in Action as such.

I'll grant you your perception Barry. You've expressed how the companies seemed different to you. Unfortunately, on this point, the data doesn't support it.

Captain Blog said...

I really love these forays into fandom and the analysis of fanzines.
Please do not stop!

Anonymous said...

This issue was sort of uneven for me. It had great idea but the one thing is Aunt May and Doctor Octopus. That was just silly. Need to reread this. But the whole thing about her not knowing he was a criminal or liking him so dumb it really weakened the rest of the issue. Stan said Steve wanted control over the stories because he did not like them. I bet it was stuff like this annoyed him.

What are your thoughts,Nick?

Nick Caputo said...

I agree that Aunt May was played as too naive in this story. Its one of the aspects I don't enjoy. From reading Steve's essays its clear he didn't always see eye-to-eye with Stan on plots. I have to take a closer look at the art as opposed to Lee's dialogue in order to ascertain if Ditko's intentions were different that Lee's.

Anonymous said...

Have they collected the essays in a single collection or are they scattered in different places?

Nick Caputo said...

The Essays have been published in various publications. Perhaps Ditko's co-publisher Robin Snyder will collect them one day. If you want to know what is currently available you can check here: http://ditko.blogspot.com/p/ditko-book-in-print.html